The Dark Eye (TDE, German: Das Schwarze Auge), is a German role-playing game created by Ulrich Kiesow and launched by Schmidt Spiel & Freizeit GmbH and Droemer Knaur Verlag in 1984. The name literally means “the black eye”. However, this does not imply a “black eye” (as in a bruise); the German expression for such bruising is “blaues Auge” (“blue eye”). It is the most successful role-playing game on the German market, outselling Dungeons & Dragons.